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J Hazard Mater. 2007 Apr 2;142(1-2):449-54. Epub 2006 Sep 16.

Removal of chromium(VI) from water and wastewater by using riverbed sand: kinetic and equilibrium studies.

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Environmental Engineering and Research Laboratories, Department of Applied Chemistry, Institute of Technology, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005, India.

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  • J Hazard Mater. 2007 Jul 19;146(1-2):435.


Cr(VI) is a priority pollutant and has been documented to be harmful to fauna, flora and human beings and chromium containing water and wastewater are hazardous. Removal of Cr(VI) by adsorption on a non-toxic natural substance, riverbed sand has been investigated. A maximum removal of 74.3% was noted at 0.50 x 10(-4)M concentration of Cr(VI) in solution. Kinetic and equilibrium studies of Cr(VI) removal have been carried out. Chemical analysis of the adsorbent revealed SiO2 to be its major component. Kinetic data of adsorption was fitted by Lagergreen's model and k(ad), the rate constant of adsorption, was found be maximum 2.69 x 10(-2)min(-1) at 25 degrees C with minimum at 35 degrees C. Values of coefficients of intra-particle diffusion and mass transfer have been determined at different values of temperature. Langmuir's model has been used for equilibrium studies and the constants have been calculated. The studies conducted show the process of Cr(VI) removal to be exothermic in nature.

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