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J Surg Res. 2006 Dec;136(2):166-71. Epub 2006 Oct 23.

Normal mesenteric lymph blunts the pulmonary inflammatory response to endotoxin.

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1
Department of Surgery, Denver Health Medical Center, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Denver, Colorado 80204, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Mesenteric lymph may provide the mechanistic link between gut ischemia and acute lung injury after hemorrhagic shock (HS). Studies have focused on the toxic mediators that develop in the post-shock mesenteric lymph (PSML). However, a complementary possibility is that there is loss of protective mediators found in pre-shock normal mesenteric lymph (NML) after HS. We hypothesize that NML protects against inflammatory insults to the pulmonary endothelium and that this effect is lost in PSML.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Primary human pulmonary endothelial cells (HMVECs) were incubated with NML or PSML collected from rats subjected to HS and resuscitation and then stimulated with 20 ng/mL LPS. ICAM-1 surface expression was measured by flow cytometry. In subsequent experiments, lipoproteins were extracted from NML before incubation and LPS-induced ICAM-1 expression determined.

RESULTS:

Mean fluorescent intensity (MFI) of LPS-induced ICAM-1 in NML and PSML treated HMVECs were 10.1 +/- 2.3 versus 27.7 +/- 0.83, respectively (P < 0.05). This represented at 71% decrease in ICAM-1 expression by NML compared to ICAM-1 expression in LPS-induced controls (MFI: 34.6 +/- 6.9). Lipoprotein extraction from NML abolished this protective effect (MFI: 31.2 +/- 5.3 versus Control + LPS: 33.5 +/- 3.6, P > 0.05). Baseline ICAM-1 levels were not significantly different among control, NML, and PSML groups.

CONCLUSION:

Lipoproteins in NML contain anti-inflammatory properties that decrease ICAM-1 expression induced by LPS in pulmonary endothelium. Decreased protective lipoproteins after HS and resuscitation may contribute to the toxicity associated with PSML from the ischemic gut.

PMID:
17059833
DOI:
10.1016/j.jss.2006.05.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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