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Nefrologia. 2006;26(4):461-8.

[Temperature dialysate and hemodialysis tolerance].

[Article in Spanish]

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Servicio de Nefrología, Hospital Ramón y Cajal, Madrid.


In this study, the effect of dialysate temperature on hemodynamic stability, patients' perception of dialysis discomfort and postdialysis fatigue were assessed. Thirty-one patients of the morning shift were eligible to participate in the study. Three patients refused. Patients were assessed during 6 dialysis sessions: in three sessions the dialysate temperature was normal (37 degrees C) and in other three sessions the dialysate temperature was low (35.5 degrees C). To evaluate the symptoms along the dialysis procedure and the postdialysis fatigue, specific scale questionnaires were administered in each dialysis session and respective scores were elaborated. Low temperature dialysate was associated with higher postdialysis systolic blood pressure (122 +/- 24 vs. 126 +/- 27 mmHg, p < 0.05), and lower postdialysis heart rate (82 +/- 13 vs. 78 +/- 9 beats/min, p < 0.05) with the same ultrafiltration rate. Dialysis symptoms score and postdialysis fatigue score were better with the low dialysate temperature (0.7 +/- 0.9 vs. 0.4 +/- 1 vs. p < 0.05, and 1.3 +/- 1 vs. 1 +/- 0.9 p < 0.05, respectively). Furthermore, low temperature dialysate shortened the post-dialysis fatigue period (5.4 +/- 6.3 vs. 3.1 +/- 3.3 vs. hours, p < 0.05). The clinical improvement experimented with the low temperature dialysate was not universal. A beneficial effect was exclusively observed in the patients with higher dialysis symptoms and postdialysis fatigue scores or having more than one episode of hypotension in a week. The patients were asked about their temperature preference, 7 patients (23%) request a dialysate at 37 degrees C, 19 patients (61%) prefered to be dialysed with the low temperature dialysate, and 5 patients (16%) were indifferent. The later two groups of the patients continued with the low temperature dialysate during other 4 weeks. At the end of that period, the clinical improvement remained unchanged. In summary, low temperature dialysate is particularly beneficial for highly symptomatic patients.

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