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Nefrologia. 2006;26(4):433-8.

[Cystatin C as estimator of glomerular filtration rate in patients with advanced chronic renal disease].

[Article in Spanish]

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Servicio de Nefrología, Hospital Infanta Cristina, Badajoz.


Serum cystatin C (CysC) has been shown to be more accurate than serum creatinine (Cr) in estimating renal function, especially in patients with mildmoderate chronic renal failure. However, it is unknown whether CysC provides or not any advantage over Cr in severe chronic renal failure. The aim of this study was to establish the accuracy of CysC in estimating the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in advanced chronic renal failure patients. The study group consisted of 94 patients (57 females, mean age 61 +/- 16 years) with advanced chronic renal failure. None of them had thyroid dysfunction or was on corticoid treatment. CFR was measured by TC99mDTPA, and simultaneously, serum CysC (particle enhanced immunonephelometry) and Cr (modified Jaffe's kinetic reaction) were also determined. Serum Cr and CysC levels were correlated with GFR, and the influences of age, sex and diabetes on these correlations were analyzed. The predictive value of CysC and Cr to estimate a GFR less than 15 ml/min/1.73 m2 was analyzed by measuring the crea-under-the-curve (AUC) with Receiver-Operating Characteristics (ROC) plots. The mean CFR was 16.49 +/- 4.65 ml/min/1.73 m2. The mean concentrations of Cr and CysC were 4.19 +/- 1.19 mg/L and 3.44 +/- 0.73 mg/L, respectively. Both Cr and CysC correlated significantly with GFR (R = 0.49, p < 0.0001 and R = 0.52, p < 0.0001, respectively). Age and sex influenced on the correlation between Cr and GFR, but these demographic characteristics did not influence on the correlation between CysC and GFR. The AUC for the prediction of a GFR less than 15 ml/min/1.73 m2 with serum Cr was 0.675 (p = 0.004), while with CysC was 0.633 (p = 0.030). In conclusion, both serum Cr and CysC are highly inaccurate markers of renal function in advanced chronic renal failure patients.

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