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Brain Res. 1990 Nov 26;534(1-2):149-69.

CNS projections to the pterygopalatine parasympathetic preganglionic neurons in the rat: a retrograde transneuronal viral cell body labeling study.

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Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110.


The retrograde transneuronal viral cell body labeling method was used to study the CNS nuclei that innervate the parasympathetic preganglionic neurons which project to the pterygopalatine ganglion. Small injections of a suspension of pseudorabies virus (PRV) were made in the pterygopalatine ganglion of rats and after 4 days their brains wer e processed for immunohistochemical detection of PRV. Some of the tissues were stained with a dual immunofluoresence method that permitted the visualization of PRV and neurotransmitter enzyme or serotonin immunoreactivity in the same cell. Retrograde cell body labeling was detected in the ipsilateral ventrolateral medulla oblongata in the region that has been termed the superior salivatory nucleus. This area was the same region that was retrogradely labeled after Fluoro-Gold dye injections in the pterygopalatine ganglion. Retrograde transneuronally infected cell bodies that provide putative afferent inputs to the pytergopalatine parasympathetic preganglionic neurons were mapped throughout the brain. In the medulla oblongata, transneuronally labeled neurons were seen in the nucleus tractus solitarii, dorsomedial part of the spinal trigeminal nucleus and gigantocellular reticular nucleus. In most experiments, some A1 catecholamine cells and serotonin neurons of the raphe magnus, raphe pallidus, raphe obscurus, and parapyramidal nuclei were labeled. In the pons, labeled cells were found in the parabrachial nucleus. A5 catecholamine cell group, and non-catecholamine part of the subcoeruleus region. In the midbrain, cell body labeling was located in the central gray matter and retrorubral field. In the diencephalon, labeling was found mainly in the hypothalamus. The areas included the lateral hypothalamic area, lateral preoptic area, dorsomedial and paraventricular hypothalamic nuclei, and ventral zona incerta. Contralateral second order cell body labeling was seen in the tuberomammillary nucleus of the hypothalamus. Some of these cells were histidine decarboxylase-immunoreactive. In the forebrain, the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis, substantia innominata, and an area of the cerebral cortex called the amygdalopiriform transition zone were labeled.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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