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Oncogene. 2007 Apr 19;26(18):2649-57. Epub 2006 Oct 23.

The BCL2 major breakpoint region (mbr) regulates gene expression.

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Key Laboratory of Human Functional Genomics of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, PR China.


BCL2 expression is finely tuned by a variety of environmental and endogenous stimuli and regulated at both transcriptional and post-transcriptional levels. Our previous investigations demonstrated that the BCL2 major breakpoint region (mbr) in the 3'-UTR upregulates reporter gene expression, which implies that this region possessed intrinsic regulatory function. However, the effect of the mbr on BCL2 expression, and the underlying regulatory mechanisms, remain to be elucidated. To assess the direct effect of the mbr on the transcriptional activity of the BCL2 gene, we employed targeted homologous recombination to establish a mbr(+)/mbr(-) heterozygous Nalm-6 cell line and then compared the transcriptional activity and apoptotic effect on transcription between the wild type and targeted alleles. We found that deletion of the mbr significantly decreased the transcriptional activity of the corresponding allele in the mbr(+)/mbr(-) cell. The BCL2 allele deleted of the mbr had a slower response to apoptotic stimuli than did the wild type allele. The regulatory function of the mbr was mediated through SATB1. Overexpression of SATB1 increased BCL2 expression, while knockdown of SATB1 with RNAi decreased BCL2 expression. Our results clearly indicated that the mbr could positively regulate BCL2 gene expression and this regulatory function was closely related to SATB1.

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