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Oncogene. 1991 Feb;6(2):275-82.

Expression of the chronic myelogenous leukemia-associated p210bcr/abl oncoprotein in a murine IL-3 dependent myeloid cell line.

Author information

1
Division of Hematology and Oncology, Royal Victoria Hospital, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Abstract

We have studied the effect of a replication-defective murine retroviral vector expressing the chronic myelogenous leukemia associated oncoprotein p210bcr/abl in murine IL-3 dependent myeloid 32D C13(G) cells. This cell line can be induced to differentiate along either the granulocytic or monocytic lineages thus permitting an independent assessment of the effect of p210bcr/abl on growth and differentiation. Cells expressing p210bcr/abl displayed a complete non-autocrine abrogation of IL-3 dependence and an enhanced response to an activity in FBS which is not IGF-I or IGF-II. During the first few generations following infection with the bcr/abl vector, cells became larger with an increased fraction of cells in G2/M and monocyte/macrophage markers were expressed. Four cytoplasmic proteins phosphorylated in response to IL-3 in the parental cell line with apparent molecular weights of 98, 70, 62, and 52 Kd were amongst those constitutively phosphorylated in p210bcr/abl expressing cells. These results suggest that the functional substitution of IL-3 by p210bcr/abl is due to constitutive activation of proteins involved in IL-3 signal transduction. Alterations of cell differentiation, cell cycle and growth which cannot be attributed to IL-3 like effects indicate that p210bcr/abl has pleiotropic effects involving several other pathways of cellular regulation.

PMID:
1705688
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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