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J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2007 Mar 1;847(2):114-25. Epub 2006 Oct 20.

Determination of secondary, oxidised di-iso-nonylphthalate (DINP) metabolites in human urine representative for the exposure to commercial DINP plasticizers.

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  • 1Institut und Poliklinik für Arbeits-, Sozial-und Umweltmedizin, Schillerstrasse 25/29, 91054 Erlangen, Germany.


Di-iso-nonylphthalate (DINP) is the major plasticizer for polyvinylchloride (PVC) polymers. Two DINP products are currently produced: DINP 1 and DINP 2. We analyzed the isononyl alcohol mixtures (INA) used for the synthesis of these two DINP plasticizer products and thus identified 4-methyloctanol-1 as one of the major constituents of the alkyl side chains of DINP 1 (8.7%) and DINP 2 (20.7%). Based on this isomer, we postulated the major DINP metabolites renally excreted by humans: mono-(4-methyl-7-hydroxy-octyl)phthalate (7OH-MMeOP), mono-(4-methyl-7-oxo-octyl)phthalate (7oxo-MMeOP) and mono-(4-methyl-7-carboxy-heptyl)phthalate (7carboxy-MMeHP). We present a fast and reliable on-line clean-up HPLC method for the simultaneous determination of these three DINP metabolites in human urine. We used ESI-tandem mass spectrometry for detection and isotope dilution for quantification (limit of quantification 0.5microg/l). Via these three oxidised DINP isomer standards, we quantified the excretion of all oxidised DINP isomers with hydroxy (OH-MINP), oxo (oxo-MINP) and carboxy (carboxy-MINP) functional groups. With this approach, we can for the first time reliably quantify the internal burden of the general population to DINP. Mean urinary metabolite concentrations in random samples from the general German population (n=25) were 14.9microg/l OH-MINP, 8.9microg/l oxo-MINP and 16.4microg/l carboxy-MINP. Metabolites strongly correlated with each other over all samples analyzed (R>0.99, p<0.0001).

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