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J Photochem Photobiol B. 2007 Feb 1;86(2):170-6. Epub 2006 Oct 19.

Fluorescence spectroscopy evaluation of fibrinogen-beta-estradiol binding.

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Instituto de Biopatologia Química and Unidade de Biopatologia Vascular, Instituto de Medicina Molecular, Faculdade de Medicina de Lisboa, 1649-028 Lisboa, Portugal.


Fluorescence spectroscopy experiments were performed in order to study conformational changes induced by the binding of beta-estradiol to fibrinogen at different ligand concentrations. The association constant (Ka) obtained for the fibrinogen-beta-estradiol binding was 6.47x10(6)M(-1), indicating a high affinity interaction. Fluorescence quenching experiments showed that approximately 30% of the tryptophan residues in the protein quaternary structure are accessible to ionic quenchers. The extent of quenching in the absence and presence of beta-estradiol was maximum for cesium ions and minimum for iodide, suggesting the presence of negatively charged residues in the vicinity of the tryptophan residues. The quenching parameters obtained at different beta-estradiol concentrations show alterations that confirm a conformational change, possibly due to a discrete reorganization of tryptophan residues during fibrinogen-beta-estradiol binding. This binding may be responsible for the effects of beta-estradiol on the decrease of erythrocyte aggregation and on cardiovascular risk reduction.

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