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Epilepsia. 2006 Oct;47(10):1732-6.

SCN1A mutation mosaicism in a family with severe myoclonic epilepsy in infancy.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, Japan. morimoto@koto.kpu-m.ac.jp

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To investigate the genetic background of familial severe myoclonic epilepsy in infancy (SMEI) cases.

METHODS:

We performed mutation analyses of the sodium-channel gene SCN1A in two Japanese brothers with clinical features of SMEI and their parents, who had no history of febrile and epileptic seizures.

RESULTS:

Each patient showed nucleotide changes (c.[730G>T; 735G>T; 736A>T]) in the coding exon 6 of SCN1A that led to a truncation of the channel protein. Their father showed no mutations, but their mother showed the same mutation in a subpopulation of lymphocytes.

CONCLUSIONS:

The maternal mosaicism explains the identical SCN1A mutations in the two brothers. This highlights the importance of investigating parental mosaicism even in sporadic SMEI cases.

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