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Br J Surg. 2007 Jan;94(1):87-91.

Tissue oxygen saturation, measured by near-infrared spectroscopy, and its relationship to surgical-site infections.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Physics, University Hospital of North Durham, Durham, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Surgical-site infections (SSIs) are common after major abdominal and groin bypass surgery. Tissue oxygen tension has been shown to predict these infections accurately. This study assessed whether a non-invasive measurement of tissue oxygenation, tissue oxygen saturation as measured by spectrophotometry, was as accurate.

METHODS:

Fifty-nine patients having major abdominal or groin bypass surgery had tissue oxygen saturation measured by near-infrared spectrophotometry at the incision site and in the arm before operation, and at 12, 24 and 48 h after surgery. Masked outcome assessments for SSI were made at 7 and 30 days after operation.

RESULTS:

In this retrospective analysis, 17 patients (29 per cent) developed an SSI. At 12 h after operation there was a significant difference in tissue oxygen saturation at the surgical site between patients who developed an SSI and those who did not (mean(s.d.) 43.4(18.1) versus 55.8(22.0) per cent; P = 0.032). These oxygen saturation readings were found to be more specific and sensitive in predicting SSIs than the National Nosocomial Infection Surveillance system.

DISCUSSION:

There is a difference in postoperative surgical-site oxygen saturation between patients who subsequently develop SSIs and those who do not. Prediction of SSIs provides opportunities for intervention and prevention.

PMID:
17054313
DOI:
10.1002/bjs.5533
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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