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Eicosanoid synthesis by spinal cord astrocytes is evoked by substance P; possible implications for nociception and pain.

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1
Biochemistry Department, Imperial College, London.

Abstract

Prostaglandin synthesis by astrocytes in culture has been shown to be stimulated by a range of mediators including ATP, interleukin-1 and the neuropeptide substance P. In this paper we present evidence that astrocytes from rat spinal cord, but not other CNS regions, release prostaglandins in response to treatment with sub-micromolar concentrations of the neuropeptide substance P, a neuromodulator that may be involved in regulating the input of nociceptive information into the spinal cord. This in vitro phenomenon, if representative of physiological responses, suggests that astrocytes may play a role in central processing of noxious input. The fact that astrocytes from rat cortex do not exhibit substance P-evoked prostanoid release provides further evidence for regional astrocyte heterogeneity.

PMID:
1705083
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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