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J Clin Pharmacol. 2006 Nov;46(11):1337-43.

Rosuvastatin increases alpha-1 microglobulin urinary excretion in patients with primary dyslipidemia.

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1
Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Ioannina, 451 10 Ioannina, Greece.

Abstract

The renoprotective effect of statins has been recently disputed because of observations of proteinuria associated with rosuvastatin treatment, the newest drug of the class. Statin-induced proteinuria findings were mainly based on crudely quantitative dipstick assays. The authors quantitatively evaluated the effect of rosuvastatin at the recommended starting dose of 10 mg/d, on urine protein excretion in patients with primary dyslipidemia. Serum lipid and nonlipid parameters as well as urinary electrolyte, creatinine, and protein (total, albumin, immunoglobulin G, and alpha-1 microglobulin) levels were measured in 40 patients treated with rosuvastatin and 30 controls at baseline and after 12 weeks. The protein-to-creatinine ratios were used to assess urinary protein excretion. Rosuvastatin improved the lipid profile, produced no deterioration of kidney function, but induced a small but significant increase in the excretion of alpha-1 microglobulin (by 16%, P < .05) indicating that statin-related proteinuria involves low-molecular-weight proteins and is of proximal tubular origin.

PMID:
17050799
DOI:
10.1177/0091270006292629
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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