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Free Radic Res. 2006 Nov;40(11):1166-72.

Synthesis and characterization of a practically better DEPMPO-type spin trap, 5-(2,2-dimethyl-1,3-propoxy cyclophosphoryl)-5-methyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide (CYPMPO).

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Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, Yamashina, Kyoto, 607-8412, Japan.


5-(2,2-dimethyl-1,3-propoxy cyclophosphoryl)-5-methyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide (CYPMPO), a new cyclic DEPMPO-type nitrone was evaluated for spin-trapping capabilities toward hydroxyl and superoxide radicals. CYPMPO is colorless crystalline and freely soluble in water. Both the solid and diluted aqueous solution did not develop electron spin resonance (ESR) signal for at least 1 month at ambient conditions. CYPMPO can spin-trap superoxide and hydroxyl radicals in both chemical and biological systems, and the ESR spectra are readily assignable. Half life for the superoxide adduct of CYPMPO produced in UV-illuminated hydrogen peroxide solution was approximately 15 min, and in biological systems such as hypoxanthine (HX)/xanthine oxidase (XOD) the half-life of the superoxide adduct was approximately 50 min. In UV-illuminated hydrogen peroxide solution, there was no conversion from the superoxide adduct to the hydroxyl adduct. Although overall spin-trapping capabilities of CYPMPO are similar to DEPMPO, its high melting point, low hygroscopic property, and the long shelf-life would be highly advantageous for the practical use.

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