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Biosens Bioelectron. 2007 May 15;22(11):2422-8. Epub 2006 Oct 17.

On-chip microdialysis system with flow-through sensing components.

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Bioengineering Department, Pennsylvania State University, B18 Hallowell Building, University Park, PA 16802, United States. <>


Microdialysis probes have been used for diabetes treatment as continuous monitoring system coupled to a glucose sensor. An on-chip microdialysis system with in-line sensing electrodes is demonstrated. As a first step towards greater biosensor integration with this miniaturized microdialysis system, a stacked system with in-line sensing electrodes was developed. Impedance electrodes sputtered within the microchannels were used to determine fluid electrical resistance from a dialyzed phosphate buffered saline (PBS) solution, which characterizes solution conductivity as a function of PBS concentration. The permeability of the membrane to the salt ions was obtained as 0.246+/-0.028 microm/s (15 nm pores). Subsequently, experiments measuring PBS dialysis in the time-domain at 64.4% recovery were conducted. The PBS concentration of the reservoir was changed in both a step response and sinusoidally with an 800 s period. The subsequently measured impedance indicates that the system is able to continuously track concentration changes in the reservoir with a 210 s system response delay. Most of this delay is due to the dead volume within the tubing between the syringe pumps and the microsystem. In addition, the predicted response was modeled using linear systems theory and matches the experimental measurements (r=0.98). This system is expected to have the proper sensitivity to track physiologically relevant concentration changes of biomolecules such as glucose (which has a physiological maximum change rate of approximately 4 mg/dl min with a periodicity of 1h or greater) with minimal lag time and amplitude reduction.

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