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Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2006 Nov;27(11):1401-8.

Effect of GNTI, a kappa opioid receptor antagonist, on MK-801-induced hyperlocomotion and stereotypy in mice.

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Research Center for Biotechnology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200233, China.



To examine the effect of GNTI [5'-guanidinyl-17-(cyclopropylmethyl)-6,7- dehydro-4,5alpha-epoxy-3,14-dihydroxy-6,7-2',3'-indolomorphinan], a selective antagonist for the kappa opioid receptor, in the MK-801 (dizocilpine maleate)-induced behavioral model of psychosis in schizophrenia as a way to explore the involvement of the kappa opioid receptor in modulating psychotic symptoms of schizophrenia.


Two doses of MK-801 (0.3 mg/kg and 0.6 mg/kg) were administered by systemic injection in mice to induce psychosis-like behavior as a rodent schizophrenia model, preceded by an injection of different doses of GNTI. Both locomotion and stereotypy were measured as the behavioral endpoints for quantitative analysis.


GNTI inhibited MK-801-induced hyperlocomotion and stereotypy. In particular, GNTI showed differential modulation of stereotypy induced by 0.3 mg/kg vs 0.6 mg/kg MK-801.


Antagonism of kappa opioid receptors attenuates MK-801-induced behavior, suggesting a potential involvement of the kappa opioid receptor in psychosis-like symptoms of schizophrenia. GNTI appears to be a useful pharmacological tool to explore the kappa opioid receptor function in vivo.

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