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Exp Hematol. 1991 Mar;19(3):226-31.

Recombinant human stem cell factor synergises with GM-CSF, G-CSF, IL-3 and epo to stimulate human progenitor cells of the myeloid and erythroid lineages.

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1
Amgen Inc., Thousand Oaks, California 91320-1789.

Abstract

The cDNA for human stem cell factor (hSCF) has been cloned and expressed in mammalian and bacterial hosts and recombinant protein purified. We have examined the stimulatory effect of recombinant human SCF (rhSCF) on human bone marrow cells alone and in combination with recombinant human colony stimulating factors (CSFs) and erythropoietin (rhEpo). RhSCF alone resulted in no significant colony formation, however, in the presence of rhGM-CSF, rhG-CSF or rhIL-3, rhSCF stimulated a synergistic increase in colony numbers. In addition, increased colony size was stimulated by all combinations. The morphology of cells in the colonies obtained with the CSFs plus rhSCF was identical to the morphology obtained with rhGM-CSF, rhG-CSF or rhIL-3 alone. RhEpo also synergised with rhSCF to stimulate the formation of large compact hemoglobinized colonies which stained positive for spectrin and transferrin receptor and had a morphological appearance consistent with normoblasts. RhSCF stimulation of low density non-adherent, antibody depleted, CD34+ cells suggests that rhSCF directly stimulates progenitor cells capable of myeloid and erythroid differentiation.

PMID:
1704845
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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