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Dev Neurosci. 2007;29(3):261-7. Epub 2006 Oct 17.

Chronic (-)-deprenyl administration attenuates dendritic developmental impairment induced by early social isolation in the rat.

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Instituto de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad Católica del Maule, Talca, Chile.


It has been demonstrated that postweaning social isolation alters dendritic development in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) of the rat. In addition, (-)-deprenyl, a monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) inhibitor, promotes dendritic growth in prefrontocortical pyramidal cells. This study examined whether prefrontocortical dendritic developmental impairment induced by postweaning social isolation is attenuated by chronic (-)-deprenyl administration. Weanling Sprague-Dawley male rats were randomly reared in social and isolated environments between postnatal days 21 and 51 (P21-P51). At P52, half of the animals were behaviorally evaluated in the open-field test and sacrificed for histological analysis. The remaining isolated rats were subdivided into saline- and daily (-)-deprenyl-treated animals for 30 additional days (P52-P82). Socially-reared rats remained undisturbed except for daily saline administration. At P82, all animals were behaviorally evaluated and sacrificed for histological analysis. Dendritic quantification of the Golgi-Cox-Sholl-stained neurons indicated that chronic (-)-deprenyl administration partially compensated the dendritic growth impairment induced by social isolation. In addition, both isolated-saline- and (-)-deprenyl-treated rats showed a sustained locomotor hyperactivity in the open-field test.

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