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Dev Neurosci. 2007;29(3):261-7. Epub 2006 Oct 17.

Chronic (-)-deprenyl administration attenuates dendritic developmental impairment induced by early social isolation in the rat.

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1
Instituto de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad Católica del Maule, Talca, Chile. rpascual@ucm.cl

Abstract

It has been demonstrated that postweaning social isolation alters dendritic development in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) of the rat. In addition, (-)-deprenyl, a monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) inhibitor, promotes dendritic growth in prefrontocortical pyramidal cells. This study examined whether prefrontocortical dendritic developmental impairment induced by postweaning social isolation is attenuated by chronic (-)-deprenyl administration. Weanling Sprague-Dawley male rats were randomly reared in social and isolated environments between postnatal days 21 and 51 (P21-P51). At P52, half of the animals were behaviorally evaluated in the open-field test and sacrificed for histological analysis. The remaining isolated rats were subdivided into saline- and daily (-)-deprenyl-treated animals for 30 additional days (P52-P82). Socially-reared rats remained undisturbed except for daily saline administration. At P82, all animals were behaviorally evaluated and sacrificed for histological analysis. Dendritic quantification of the Golgi-Cox-Sholl-stained neurons indicated that chronic (-)-deprenyl administration partially compensated the dendritic growth impairment induced by social isolation. In addition, both isolated-saline- and (-)-deprenyl-treated rats showed a sustained locomotor hyperactivity in the open-field test.

PMID:
17047320
DOI:
10.1159/000096413
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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