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Ann Pharmacother. 2006 Nov;40(11):1993-7. Epub 2006 Oct 17.

Topiramate for binge-eating disorder associated with obesity.

Author information

1
Virginia Commonwealth University Health System/Medical College of Virginia Hospitals, 401 North 12th St., PO Box 980042, Richmond, VA 23298-0042, USA. atata@mcvh-vcu.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To review the use of topiramate for the treatment of binge-eating disorder (BED) associated with obesity.

DATA SOURCES:

MEDLINE (1966-July 2006) and the Cochrane Database (2006, issue 3) were used to conduct an English-language literature search. Key search terms included eating disorder, binge-eating, and topiramate. Bibliographies of identified articles were examined for additional references.

DATA SYNTHESIS:

BED is characterized by excessive food intake with lack of control during eating episodes, but without subsequent compensatory weight loss mechanisms, and is often associated with obesity and psychiatric disorders. Evidence suggests that topiramate may have mood-stabilizing properties and cause decreased appetite and weight. One case series, 1 case report, 2 open-label studies, and 1 placebo-controlled trial have described the use of topiramate for BED associated with obesity. Doses ranging from 50 to 1400 mg/day were stated to be effective in these reports. Adverse reactions included paresthesias, cognitive impairment, somnolence, and gastrointestinal distress. Although these adverse effects were transient, they may interfere with patients' tolerability of topiramate therapy.

CONCLUSIONS:

Albeit limited, evidence suggests that topiramate may be a viable short- and long-term treatment alternative for BED associated with obesity for patients with limited options. Further controlled trials are necessary to establish topiramate's place in therapy, optimal dosing, and length of treatment for this eating disorder.

PMID:
17047134
DOI:
10.1345/aph.1H178
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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