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Toxicol Sci. 2007 Jan;95(1):108-17. Epub 2006 Oct 17.

Activation of mouse and human peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (alpha, beta/delta, gamma) by perfluorooctanoic acid and perfluorooctane sulfonate.

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Reproductive Toxicology Division, National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory, Office of Research and Development, US Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina 27711, USA.


This study evaluates the potential for perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) to activate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs), using a transient transfection cell assay. Cos-1 cells were cultured in Dulbecco's Minimal Essential Medium (DMEM) with fetal bovine serum in 96-well plates and transfected with mouse or human PPARalpha, beta/delta, or gamma reporter plasmids. Transfected cells were exposed to PFOA (0.5-100 microM), PFOS (1-250 microM), positive controls (i.e., known agonists and antagonists), and negative controls (i.e., DMEM, 0.1% water, and 0.1% dimethyl sulfoxide). Following treatment for 24 h, activity was measured using the Luciferase reporter assay. In this assay, PFOA had more transactivity than PFOS with both the mouse and human PPAR isoforms. PFOA significantly increased mouse and human PPARalpha and mouse PPARbeta/delta activity relative to vehicle. PFOS significantly increased activation of mouse PPARalpha and PPARbeta/delta isoforms. No significant activation of mouse or human PPARgamma was observed with PFOA or PFOS. The PPARalpha antagonist, MK-886, significantly suppressed PFOA and PFOS activity of mouse and human PPARalpha. The PPARgamma antagonist, GW9662, significantly suppressed PFOA activity on the human isoform. In conclusion, this study characterized the dose response and differential activation of mouse and human PPARalpha, beta/delta, gamma by PFOA and PFOS. While this model allows opportunities to compare potential activation by perfluoroalkyl acids, it only evaluates the interaction and activation of the PPAR reporter constructs and is not necessarily predictive of a toxicological response in vivo.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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