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Exp Hematol. 2006 Nov;34(11):1517-21.

Severe Shwachman-Diamond syndrome phenotype caused by compound heterozygous missense mutations in the SBDS gene.

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Department of Infectious and Pediatric Immunology, Medical and Health Science Center, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, Hungary.



A 5-month-old male infant presenting with recurrent respiratory tract infections, chronic diarrhea, and failure to thrive was found to be pancytopenic. Bone marrow and x-ray examinations were consistent with Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS). Genomic DNA sequencing, restriction fragment analysis, and studies of the mutant proteins were performed to gain further knowledge on the molecular pathology of SDS.


Exons 1 to 5 of the SBDS gene were amplified and sequenced. COS-7 cells were transfected with expression vectors containing wild-type cDNA or mutant cDNAs generated by site-directed mutagenesis. Protein expression of SBDS variants were examined by Western blotting. Pulse-chase assay and densitometry were used to study protein stability.


Two novel missense mutations (c.362A > C in exon 3, and c.523C > T in exon 4) of the SBDS gene were identified in the patient. These mutations result in p.N121T and p.R175W amino acid replacements and correspond to amino acid residues that are highly conserved in SBDS proteins. In vitro expression studies revealed a markedly decreased half-life of the p.R175W protein, whereas stability of the p.N121T mutant was not significantly reduced compared to that of the wild type.


This is the first report of compound heterozygous missense mutations occurring in patients with SDS. These mutations may not eliminate SBDS expression but may result in impaired protein stability and protein function leading to severe disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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