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Langmuir. 2006 Oct 24;22(22):9345-9.

Fabrication of glycosylated surface on polymer membrane by UV-induced graft polymerization for lectin recognition.

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  • 1Institute of Polymer Science and Key Laboratory of Macromolecule Synthesis and Functionalization (Ministry of Education), Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, P. R. China.


Increasingly, carbohydrate-protein interactions are viewed as important mechanisms for many biological processes such as blood coagulation, immune response, viral infection, inflammation, embryogenesis, and cellular signal transfer. However, the weak affinity of the interactions and the structural complexity of carbohydrates have hindered efforts to develop a comprehensive understanding of carbohydrate functions. Fortunately, synthetic polyvalent glycoligands give us a chance to reveal the nature of these biological processes. In this work a sugar-containing monomer (alpha-D-allyl glucoside (AG)) was grafted onto polypropylene microporous membrane (PPMM) by UV-induced graft polymerization to generate a glycosylated porous surface for the first time. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, and scanning electron microscopy were employed to confirm the glycosylation. Water contact angle measurement was used to evaluate the hydrophilicity change of the surfaces before and after the graft polymerization of AG. It was found that the grafting density increased reasonably with the increase of AG monomer concentration, and then this increase slowed when the AG concentration exceeded 80 g/L. At the same time a 20-25 min UV irradiation was enough for the grafting polymerization. The photoinitiator concentration also influenced the grafting density obviously, and there was an optimal concentration of the photoinitiator for the grafting process. The water contact angle of the polyAG-tethered membrane surface decreased from 149 degrees to 80 degrees with the increase of grafting density from 0 to 187.76 microg/cm2, which indicated a hydrophilic variation of the membrane surface by the grafting of AG. Results also indicated that the surface-grafted polyAG chains showed weak interaction with Con A when the grafting density was low. However, when the sugar density exceeded 90 microg/cm2, the binding affinity increased dramatically which was the due to the "glycoside cluster effect".

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