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J Rehabil Res Dev. 2006 May-Jun;43(3):391-400.

A telerehabilitation approach to delivery of constraint-induced movement therapy.

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Hunter Holmes McGuire Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center (VAMC), Richmond, VA, USA.


We have developed a device called AutoCITE (Automated Constraint-Induced Therapy Extension) that automates the intensive training component of constraint-induced (CI) movement therapy, also known as CI therapy. This study evaluated the effectiveness of AutoCITE training in a telerehabilitation setting when supervised remotely and with only intermittent interaction with a therapist. Seven participants with chronic stroke trained with AutoCITE for 3 h/d for 10 consecutive weekdays. The therapist supervised the training from a different room in the clinic using remote control of the AutoCITE computer and teleconferencing equipment when needed. Treatment gains on the Motor Activity Log were quite large (p < 0.001, d' = 3), while gains on the Wolf Motor Function Test and the Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test were large (p < 0.05, d' > 0.9). Gains were comparable in size with those previously reported for participants who received equal intensities of directly supervised AutoCITE training or standard one-on-one CI therapy without the device.

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