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Parasitol Today. 1998 Feb;14(2):56-64.

Malaria vaccine development: current status.


The development of an effective malaria vaccine represents one of the most important approaches that would provide a cost-effective intervention for addition to currently available malaria control strategies. Here, Howard Engers and Tore Godal review recent advances. Over the past decade there has been considerable progress in the understanding of immune mechanisms involved in conferring protection to malaria and in the identification of vaccine candidate antigens and their genes. Several new vaccines have entered Phase I/II trials recently, new adjuvants have been developed for human use and new approaches, such as DNA vaccines and structural modification of antigens to circumvent some of the strategies the parasite uses to avoid the immune response, are being applied. Thus, from the TDR perspective, global malaria vaccine development is entering a crucial period with unprecedented opportunities.

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