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J Physiol. 2007 Jan 1;578(Pt 1):43-53. Epub 2006 Oct 12.

Mouse models of long QT syndrome.

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1
Cardiovascular Institute, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Scaife S-572, 200 Lothrop Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.

Abstract

Congenital long QT syndrome is a rare inherited condition characterized by prolongation of action potential duration (APD) in cardiac myocytes, prolongation of the QT interval on the surface electrocardiogram (ECG), and an increased risk of syncope and sudden death due to ventricular tachyarrhythmias. Mutations of cardiac ion channel genes that affect repolarization cause the majority of the congenital cases. Despite detailed characterizations of the mutated ion channels at the molecular level, a complete understanding of the mechanisms by which individual mutations may lead to arrhythmias and sudden death requires study of the intact heart and its modulation by the autonomic nervous system. Here, we will review studies of molecularly engineered mice with mutations in the genes (a) known to cause long QT syndrome in humans and (b) specific to cardiac repolarization in the mouse. Our goal is to provide the reader with a comprehensive overview of mouse models with long QT syndrome and to emphasize the advantages and limitations of these models.

PMID:
17038432
PMCID:
PMC2075110
DOI:
10.1113/jphysiol.2006.118745
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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