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East Mediterr Health J. 2006 May-Jul;12(3-4):428-33.

Knowledge, attitudes and beliefs about menarche of adolescent girls in Anand district, Gujarat.

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Department of Preventive and Social Medicine, Municipal Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India.


A questionnaire survey of knowledge, attitudes and beliefs towards menstruation was made in 22 schools in Anand district, Gujarat state. Of 900 schoolgirls aged 11-17 years, only 38.5% felt comfortable about menarche and only 31.0% believed that menstruation was a normal physiological process. Many (37.2%) had not been informed about menarche before its onset and 48.2% felt they were not mentally prepared. The major sources of information were the mother (60.7%) or an elder sister (15.8%); teachers and others relatives played a small role. In this area of India, many families continue the custom of celebrating the first menarche and observing social restrictions.

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