Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Addiction. 2006 Nov;101(11):1561-8.

Topiramate reduces the harm of excessive drinking: implications for public health and primary care.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, Texas, USA.

Abstract

AIMS:

Having demonstrated previously the efficacy of topiramate--a sulfamate-substituted fructopyranose derivative-as pharmacotherapy for treating alcohol dependence, promoting abstinence and reducing the harmful psychosocial consequences of drinking, we investigated whether topiramate also promoted 'safe' levels of drinking: < or = 1 and < or = 2 standard drinks/day for women and men, respectively, among alcohol-dependent individuals.

DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS:

In a double-blind, randomized, controlled, 12-week clinical trial conducted in San Antonio, Texas, 75 alcohol-dependent adults received topiramate and 75 received placebo as an adjunct to weekly standardized medication compliance management.

MEASUREMENTS:

For this secondary analysis of data from that trial, we calculated, based on self-reports, specific intervals of up to 30 days of continuous 'safe' drinking for each subject.

FINDINGS:

The average longest 'safe' drinking period was 16.7 days for topiramate recipients versus 8.9 days for placebo recipients. By day 50 of treatment, 44% versus 26.4% had achieved > or = 7 and 30.8% versus 10% had achieved > or = 14 continuous 'safe' drinking days. Similarly, topiramate increased the relative likelihood of continuous 'safe' drinking from 77% for > or = 7 days [relative risk (RR) for achieving continuous 'safe' drinking = 1.77] to threefold for > or = 14 days (RR = 3.37) and fourfold for > or = 28 days (RR = 4.07). Thus, participants who received topiramate were more likely to achieve longer periods of 'safe' drinking compared with those who received placebo.

CONCLUSIONS:

For alcohol-dependent individuals who drank within an abstinence-oriented treatment program, topiramate promoted 'safe' drinking. Topiramate's potential to decrease the public health consequences of hazardous drinking needs to be established in future long-term studies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center