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Antioxid Redox Signal. 2006 Nov-Dec;8(11-12):2111-24.

Oxidative stress and growth-regulating intracellular signaling pathways in cardiac myocytes.

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1
National Heart and Lung Institute Division, Faculty of Medicine, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom. p.sugden@imperial.ac.uk

Abstract

The toxic effects of oxidative stress on cells (including cardiac myocytes, the contractile cells of the heart) are well known. However, an increasing body of evidence has suggested that increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) promotes cardiac myocyte growth. Thus, ROS may be 'second messenger' molecules in their own right, and growth-promoting neurohumoral agonists might exert their effects by stimulating production of ROS. The authors review the principal growth-promoting intracellular signaling pathways that are activated by ROS in cardiac myocytes, namely the mitogen-activated protein kinase cascades (extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2, c-Jun N-terminal kinases, and p38-mitogen-activated protein kinases) and the phosphoinositide 3-kinase/protein kinase B (Akt) pathway. Possible mechanisms are discussed by which these pathways are activated by ROS, including the oxidation of active site cysteinyl residues of protein and lipid phosphatases with their consequent inactivation, the potential involvement of protein kinase C or the apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1, and the current models for the activation of the guanine nucleotide binding protein Ras.

PMID:
17034354
DOI:
10.1089/ars.2006.8.2111
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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