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Cyberpsychol Behav. 2006 Oct;9(5):571-6.

Identity and intimacy crises and their relationship to internet dependence among college students.

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  • 1Center for Teacher Education, Tainan National University of the Arts, 66 Da-Chi Village, Tainan County, Taiwan.


In an attempt to test Kandell's proposition that internet dependents used the internet as a coping mechanism against underlying psychological issues, this study investigated the extent to which the fifth and sixth Eriksonian crises (identity, intimacy), were related to internet dependence (online chatting, gaming) among college students. Students spending more than 10 hours per week on chatting/gaming were classified as dependents. On the basis of a national sample of freshmen in Taiwan, this study found that the dependents scored significantly lower on most of the measures that reflected the successful resolution of the crises, and higher on the measures that reflected unsuccessful resolution of the crises. Kandell's proposition was supported.

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