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Prostate. 2007 Jan 1;67(1):61-73.

Expression and activation of alpha v beta 3 integrins by SDF-1/CXC12 increases the aggressiveness of prostate cancer cells.

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Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1078, USA.



Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1 or CXCL12) and CXCR4 are key elements in the metastasis of prostate cancer cells to bone--but the mechanisms as to how it localizes to the marrow remains unclear.


Prostate cancer cell lines were stimulated with SDF-1 and evaluated for alterations in the expression of adhesion molecules using microarrays, FACs, and Western blotting to identify alpha(v)beta(3) receptors. Cell-cell adhesion and invasion assays were used to verify that activation of the receptor is responsive to SDF-1.


We demonstrate that SDF-1 transiently regulates the number and affinity of alpha(v)beta(3) receptors by prostate cancer cells to enhance their metastatic behavior by increasing adhesiveness and invasiveness. SDF-1 transiently increased the expression of beta(3) receptor subunit and increased its phosphorylation in metastatic but not nonmetastatic cells.


The transition from a locally invasive phenotype to a metastatic phenotype may be primed by the elevated expression of alpha(v)beta(3) receptors. Activation and increased expression of alpha(v)beta(3) within SDF-1-rich organs may participate in metastatic localization.

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