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Blood. 2007 Feb 15;109(4):1611-9. Epub 2006 Oct 10.

CpG DNA activation and plasma-cell differentiation of CD27- naive human B cells.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, James P. Wilmot Cancer Center, University of Rochester Medical Center, NY 14642, USA.

Abstract

Unmethylated CpG DNA activation of naive CD27- B cells has been reported to require B-cell-receptor (BCR) cross-linking. We describe a culture system using CpG DNA with sequential steps for T-cell-independent activation of naive CD19+CD27- human peripheral blood B cells that induces efficient CD138+ plasma-cell differentiation. CD27+ and CD27- B cells were cultured in a 3-step system: (1) days 0 to 4: CpG, IL-2/10/15; (2) days 4 to 7: IL-2/6/10/15 and anti-CD40L; (3) days 7 to 10: IL-6/15, IFN-alpha, hepatocyte growth factor, and hyaluronic acid. Both CD27+ and CD27- B cells up-regulated intracytoplasmic TLR-9 following CpG DNA activation. CD27- B-cell activation required cell-cell contact. Both naive and memory B cells progressed to a plasma-cell phenotype: CD19lowCD20lowCD27+CD38+HLA-DRlow. Seventy percent of the CD27--derived CD138+ cells demonstrated productive V chain rearrangements without somatic mutations, confirming their origin from naive precursors. Plasma cells derived from CD27+ B cells were primarily IgG+, while those from CD27- B cells were IgM+. Our results indicate that under certain conditions, naive B cells increase TLR-9 expression and proliferate to CpG DNA stimulation without BCR signaling. In addition to its immunologic significance, this system should be a valuable method to interrogate the antigenic specificity of naive B cells.

PMID:
17032927
PMCID:
PMC1794051
DOI:
10.1182/blood-2006-03-008441
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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