Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Obesity (Silver Spring). 2006 Sep;14(9):1637-46.

Long-term effects of obesity on employment and work limitations among U.S. Adults, 1986 to 1999.

Author information

1
Center for Health Services Research, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan, USA. ktuncel1@hfhs.org

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the relationships between BMI and workforce participation and the presence of work limitations in a U.S. working-age population.

RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES:

We used data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, a nationwide prospective cohort, to estimate the effect of obesity in 1986 on employment and work limitations in 1999. Individuals were classified into the following weight categories: underweight (BMI < 18.5), normal weight (18.5 < or = BMI < 25), overweight (25 < or = BMI < 30), and obese (BMI > or = 30). Using multivariable probit models, we estimated the relationships between obesity and both employment and work disability. All analyses were stratified by sex.

RESULTS:

After adjusting for baseline sociodemographic characteristics, smoking status, exercise, and self-reported health, obesity was associated with reduced employment at follow-up [men: marginal effect (ME) -4.8 percentage points (pp); p < 0.05; women: ME -5.8 pp; p < 0.10]. Among employed women, being either overweight or obese was associated with an increase in self-reported work limitations when compared with normal-weight individuals (overweight: ME +3.9 pp; p < 0.01; obese: ME +12.6 pp; p < 0.01). Among men, the relationship between obesity and work limitations was not statistically significant.

DISCUSSION:

Obesity appears to result in future productivity losses through reduced workforce participation and increased work limitations. These findings have important implications in the U.S., which is currently experiencing a rise in the prevalence of obesity.

PMID:
17030975
DOI:
10.1038/oby.2006.188
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center