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J Med Microbiol. 2006 Nov;55(Pt 11):1477-85.

Mutation of luxS affects motility and infectivity of Helicobacter pylori in gastric mucosa of a Mongolian gerbil model.

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Department of Infectious Diseases, Kyorin University School of Medicine, Shinkawa, Mitaka, Tokyo, Japan.


Helicobacter pylori is associated with gastric disorders in humans and some experimental animals, and possesses the luxS/type 2 autoinducer (AI-2) system. The effects of a specific luxS mutation on the characteristics of H. pylori were examined. On 0.3 % agar medium, motility of H. pylori HPKY08 (luxS : : cat) was significantly lower than that of wild-type H. pylori TK1402. The luxS-complemented strain HPKY21 exhibited motility comparable to that of H. pylori TK1402. It was shown that the luxS/AI-2 system plays an important role in H. pylori motility. The luxS mutant exhibited a reduced infection rate relative to the wild-type parent strain TK1402 in a Mongolian gerbil model. At 3 months after oral inoculation, lower numbers of H. pylori were detected by semi-quantitative real-time reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) in luxS(-) mutant-infected gerbils than in TK1402-infected gerbils. Gastric inflammation and increased antibody titre for H. pylori were observed in TK1402-infected gerbils only.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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