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Neurology. 2006 Oct 10;67(7):1236-41.

The contactin 4 gene locus at 3p26 is a candidate gene of SCA16.

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1
Division of Respirology and Neurology, Department of Medicine, Kurume University School of Medicine, Kurume City, Fukuoka, Japan. shiroh46@med.kurume-u.ac.jp

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify of the gene responsible for the onset of spinocerebellar ataxia type 16 (SCA16).

METHODS:

We reanalyzed the linkage of the original Japanese pedigree using updated information, including three additional subjects. We then screened all exons located in the critical region.

RESULTS:

We reassigned the locus of SCA16 to 3p26.2-pter (maximum logarithm-of-odds score = 5.177) and identified only one point mutation (4,256C-->T) in the 3' untranslated region of the contactin 4 gene (CNTN4) on chromosome 3p26.2-26.3, which cosegregated with the disease. This mutation was not detected in 520 control subjects; moreover, we revised the phenotype of SCA16 from pure to complicated SCA.

CONCLUSION:

The contactin 4 gene (CNTN4) is associated with cerebellar degeneration in spinocerebellar ataxia type 16. Additional studies are necessary to prove 4,256C-->T to be a causative mutation.

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