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Clin Exp Immunol. 1991 Jan;83(1):96-101.

Antigen(s)-specific tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes from tumour induced by human herpes virus-6 (HHV-6) DNA transfected NIH 3T3 transformants.

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Division of Cytokine Biology, Food and Drug Administration, Bethesda, MD 20892.


Tumour infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) have recently been shown to mediate potent therapeutic effects in certain malignancies in mice and in humans. To understand the mechanism of TIL immunotherapy it would be advantageous to generate tumour-specific TIL and to study a defined system of TIL and target cells in which the tumour epitope(s) recognized by TIL might be identified. We have established tumourigenic cell lines by transfection of NIH 3T3 cells with the entire genome of human herpesvirus-6 (HHV-6) and its small fragment (about 5% of the viral DNA sequence). Injection of these cells into nude mice produced tumours termed G-2T and 14-2T, respectively. Cell lines derived from these tumours when injected in NIH Swiss mice produced tumours, G-2TS and 14-2TS, respectively. We have generated TIL from G-2TS tumour that can kill G-2TS tumour cells in vitro but not other related tumours (14-2TS or MCA-106). These TIL can be expanded between 2-6.5 every 3-5 days. The TIL proliferated in tissue culture in response to recombinant interleukin-2 and interleukin-4 and maintained their tumor specificity for up to 6 months in vitro. Their phenotype was Thy 1.2+, Lyt-2+ and L3T4-. The availability of such tumour-specific stable TIL lines and specific viral-transformed targets will provide an opportunity to characterize the tumour-associated antigen critical for the specific cytotoxicity in this system and thereby to clarify the mechanism of this promising immunological approach to cancer therapy.

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