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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2006 Nov;1760(11):1636-45. Epub 2006 Sep 8.

Alpha,beta-dicarbonyl reduction by Saccharomyces D-arabinose dehydrogenase.

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Department of Bioresource Engineering, Macdonald Campus of McGill University, 21 111 Lakeshore Road, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Quebec, Canada H9X 3V9.


An alpha,beta-dicarbonyl reductase activity was purified from Saccharomyces cerevisiae and identified as the cytosolic enzyme D-Arabinose dehydrogenase (ARA1) by MALDI-TOF/TOF. Size exclusion chromatography analysis of recombinant Ara1p revealed that this protein formed a homodimer. Ara1p catalyzed the reduction of the reactive alpha,beta-dicarbonyl compounds methylglyoxal, diacetyl, and pentanedione in a NADPH dependant manner. Ara1p had apparent Km values of approximately 14 mM, 7 mM and 4 mM for methylglyoxal, diacetyl and pentanedione respectively, with corresponding turnover rates of 4.4, 6.9 and 5.9 s(-1) at pH 7.0. pH profiling showed that Ara1p had a pH optimum of 4.5 for the diacetyl reduction reaction. Ara1p also catalyzed the NADP+ dependant oxidation of acetoin; however this back reaction only occurred at alkaline pH values. That Ara1p was important for degradation of alpha,beta-dicarbonyl substrates was further supported by the observation that ara1-Delta knockout yeast mutants exhibited a decreased growth rate phenotype in media containing diacetyl.

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