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J Neurochem. 1991 Jan;56(1):259-65.

Substance P-induced release of prostaglandins from astrocytes: regional specialisation and correlation with phosphoinositol metabolism.

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Department of Biochemistry, Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine, London, England.


Addition of substance P (SP) to astrocytes cultured from rat neonatal spinal cord evoked a time- and concentration-dependent increase in the accumulation of phosphoinositol and the release of prostaglandin (PG) D2 and PGE2. Both basal and stimulated releases were reduced to similar levels by indomethacin. In contrast, astrocytes cultured from cerebral cortex and cerebellum showed no SP-stimulated increase in phosphoinositol accumulation or release of PGs. Release of PGD2 and PGE2 was, however, stimulated by the calcium ionophore A23187, and both phosphoinositol accumulation and PG release were stimulated from cortical astrocytes incubated in the presence of serum. The results from this study suggest that SP-stimulated phosphoinositol accumulation and release of PGs from cultured rat neonatal astrocytes are regionally specialised in favour of cells derived from spinal cord.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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