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Biol Trace Elem Res. 1990 Jan;24(1):73-82.

Interrelationships of zinc with glucose and insulin metabolism in humans.

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  • 1Endocrine-Metabolic Units, Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu, SP, Brasil.

Abstract

Hyperzincemia has been reported to cause alterations in the homeostasis of glycid metabolism. To determine this effect on plasma glucose and insulin levels, we studied 36 normal individuals of both sexes aged 22-26 y after a 12-h fast. The tests were initiated at 7:00 AM when an antecubital vein was punctured and a device for infusion was installed and maintained with physiological saline. Zinc was administered orally at 8:00 AM. Subjects were divided into an experimental group of 22 individuals who received doses of 25, 37.5, and 50 mg of zinc and a control group of 14 individuals. Blood samples were collected over a period of 240 min after the basal samples (-30 and 0 min). We did not detect any change in plasma glucose or insulin levels, a fact that we attribute either to the ineffectiveness of the 50 mg dose of zinc or to the lack of human response to the acute action of this trace element. The individuals who ingested zinc showed a significant fall in plasma cortisol, probably caused by the action of this trace element.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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