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Phys Rev Lett. 2006 Aug 18;97(7):072002. Epub 2006 Aug 18.

Measurement of deeply virtual compton scattering with a polarized-proton target.

Chen S1, Avakian H, Burkert VD, Eugenio P, Adams G, Amarian M, Ambrozewicz P, Anghinolfi M, Asryan G, Bagdasaryan H, Baillie N, Ball JP, Baltzell NA, Barrow S, Batourine V, Battaglieri M, Beard K, Bedlinskiy I, Bektasoglu M, Bellis M, Benmouna N, Berman BL, Biselli AS, Bonner BE, Bouchigny S, Boiarinov S, Bosted P, Bradford R, Branford D, Briscoe WJ, Brooks WK, Bültmann S, Butuceanu C, Calarco JR, Careccia SL, Carman DS, Carnahan B, Cazes A, Cole PL, Collins P, Coltharp P, Cords D, Corvisiero P, Crabb D, Crannell H, Crede V, Cummings JP, DeMasi R, DeVita R, De Sanctis E, Degtyarenko PV, Denizli H, Dennis L, Deur A, Dharmawardane KV, Dhuga KS, Djalali C, Dodge GE, Donnelly J, Doughty D, Dugger M, Dytman S, Dzyubak OP, Egiyan H, Egiyan KS, El Fassi L, Elouadrhiri L, Fatemi R, Fedotov G, Feldman G, Feuerbach RJ, Forest TA, Funsten H, Garçon M, Gavalian G, Gilfoyle GP, Giovanetti KL, Girod FX, Goetz JT, Golovatch E, Gonenc A, Gothe RW, Griffioen KA, Guidal M, Guillo M, Guler N, Guo L, Gyurjyan V, Hadjidakis C, Hafidi K, Hakobyan H, Hakobyan RS, Hardie J, Heddle D, Hersman FW, Hicks K, Hleiqawi I, Holtrop M, Huertas M, Hyde-Wright CE, Ilieva Y, Ireland DG, Ishkhanov BS, Isupov EL, Ito MM, Jenkins D, Jo HS, Joo K, Juengst HG, Keith C, Kellie JD, Khandaker M, Kim KY, Kim K, Kim W, Klein A, Klein FJ, Klusman M, Kossov M, Kramer LH, Kubarovsky V, Kuhn J, Kuhn SE, Kuleshov SV, Lachniet J, Laget JM, Langheinrich J, Lawrence D, Li J, Lima AC, Livingston K, Lu H, Lukashin K, MacCormick M, Markov N, McAleer S, McKinnon B, McNabb JW, Mecking BA, Mestayer MD, Meyer CA, Mibe T, Mikhailov K, Minehart R, Mirazita M, Miskimen R, Mokeev V, Morand L, Morrow SA, Moteabbed M, Mueller J, Mutchler GS, Nadel-Turonski P, Napolitano J, Nasseripour R, Natasha N, Niccolai S, Niculescu G, Niculescu I, Niczyporuk BB, Niroula MR, Niyazov RA, Nozar M, O'Rielly GV, Osipenko M, Ostrovidov AI, Park K, Pasyuk E, Paterson C, Philips SA, Pierce J, Pivnyuk N, Pocanic D, Pogorelko O, Polli E, Popa I, Pozdniakov S, Preedom BM, Price JW, Prok Y, Protopopescu D, Qin LM, Raue BA, Riccardi G, Ricco G, Ripani M, Ritchie BG, Ronchetti F, Rosner G, Rossi P, Rowntree D, Rubin PD, Sabatié F, Salgado C, Santoro JP, Sapunenko V, Schumacher RA, Serov VS, Sharabian YG, Shaw J, Shvedunov NV, Skabelin AV, Smith ES, Smith LC, Sober DI, Stavinsky A, Stepanyan SS, Stepanyan S, Stokes BE, Stoler P, Strakovsky II, Strauch S, Suleiman R, Taiuti M, Tedeschi DJ, Thoma U, Tkabladze A, Tkachenko S, Todor L, Tur C, Ungaro M, Vanderhaeghen M, Vineyard MF, Vlassov AV, Watts DP, Weinstein LB, Weygand DP, Williams M, Wolin E, Wood MH, Yegneswaran A, Yun J, Zana L, Zhang J, Zhao B, Zhao Z; CLAS Collaboration.

Author information

1
Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306, USA.

Abstract

The longitudinal target-spin asymmetry AUL for the exclusive electroproduction of high-energy photons was measured for the first time in ep-->e;'pgamma. The data have been accumulated at JLab with the CLAS spectrometer using 5.7 GeV electrons and a longitudinally polarized NH3 target. A significant azimuthal angular dependence was observed, resulting from the interference of the deeply virtual Compton scattering and Bethe-Heitler processes. The amplitude of the sinvarphi moment is 0.252+/-0.042stat+/-0.020sys. Theoretical calculations are in good agreement with the magnitude and the kinematic dependence of the target-spin asymmetry, which is sensitive to the generalized parton distributions H and H.

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