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Phys Rev Lett. 2006 Aug 11;97(6):065901. Epub 2006 Aug 8.

From ultraslow to fast lithium diffusion in the 2D ion conductor Li0.7TiS2 probed directly by stimulated-echo NMR and nuclear magnetic relaxation.

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Institute of Physical Chemistry, University of Hannover, Callinstr. 3-3a, D-30167 Hannover, Germany.


7Li stimulated-echo NMR and classical relaxation NMR techniques are jointly used for the first time for a comprehensive investigation of Li diffusion in layer-structured Li0.7TiS2. One single 2D Li diffusion process was probed over a dynamic range of almost 10 orders of magnitude. So far, this is the largest dynamic range being measured by 7Li NMR spectroscopy directly, i.e., without the help of a specific theoretical model. The jump rates obey a strict Arrhenius law, determined by an activation energy of 0.41(1) eV and a preexponential factor of 6.3(1)x10(12) s-1, and range between 1x10(-1) s-1 and 7.8x10(8) s-1 (148-510 K). Ultraslow Li jumps in the kHz to sub-Hz range were measured directly by recording 7Li spin-alignment correlation functions. The temperature and, in particular, the frequency dependence of the relaxation rates fully agree with results expected for 2D diffusion.

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