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Free Radic Biol Med. 2006 Nov 1;41(9):1384-91. Epub 2006 Jul 27.

Reduction in extracellular superoxide dismutase activity in African-American patients with hypertension.

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1
Division of Cardiovascular Biology, Department of Biomedical Sciences, Meharry Medical College, Nashville, TN 37208, USA.

Abstract

Superoxide anions react with nitric oxide to form peroxynitrite and hence reduce the bioavailability of nitric oxide in the arteries. Extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) is a major superoxide scavenger in human plasma and vascular tissues. The objective of this study is to assess whether essential hypertension is associated with an alteration in EC-SOD activity. In this report, blood samples were obtained from hypertensive (n=39) and normotensive (n=37) African-Americans. Plasma EC-SOD activity was measured using in-gel activity staining and spectrophotometric assays, EC-SOD protein level was measured using Western blotting, nitrotyrosine was measured using slot blotting, 8-isoprostane was measured with an enzyme immunoassay, and plasma copper and zinc concentrations were measured using an atomic absorption assay. Our data demonstrate that the copper, zinc, and plasma EC-SOD protein concentrations in the hypertensive and normotensive subjects are indistinguishable. Compared to normotensive controls, hypertensive patients have significantly reduced plasma EC-SOD activity. Plasma nitrotyrosine and 8-isoprostane levels are significantly higher in the hypertensive patients than in normotensive controls. Results from this study suggest that a reduction in EC-SOD activity in hypertensive patients is not due to a down-regulation of the SOD3 gene (encoding EC-SOD) or deficiency in mineral cofactors. Furthermore, the reduced EC-SOD activity might be at least partially responsible for the increased oxidative stress, as reflected by increased plasma nitrotyrosine and 8-isoprostane, in hypertensive subjects.

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