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Int J Cancer. 2006 Dec 15;119(12):2795-802.

Inhibition of carcinoma cell-derived VEGF reduces inflammatory characteristics in xenograft carcinoma.

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Department of Medical Biochemistry and Microbiology, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.


The stroma of carcinomas shares several characteristics with inflamed tissues including a distorted vasculature, active angiogenesis and macrophage infiltration. In addition, the tumor interstitial fluid pressure (P(IF)) of the stroma is pathologically elevated. We show here that bevacizumab [rhuMab vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), Avastin], a monoclonal antibody to VEGF, at a dose of 5 mg/kg modulated inflammation in KAT-4 xenograft human anaplastic thyroid carcinoma tissue. At this dose, bevacizumab reduced the density of macrophages, MHC class II antigen expression by macrophages and IL-1beta mRNA expression. Furthermore, bevacizumab lowered tumor extracellular fluid volume, plasma protein leakage from tumor vessels, the number of CD31-positive structures and tumor P(IF). The tumor plasma volume and the number of alpha-smooth muscle actin-positive vessels, however, remained unchanged. Our data suggest that carcinoma cell-derived VEGF either directly or indirectly participates in maintaining an inflammatory microenvironment in experimental KAT-4 carcinoma. Furthermore, our data indicate that the reduction of inflammation resulting in reduced vascular permeability and decrease in the tumor extracellular fluid volume by bevacizumab contributes to reduced tumor P(IF).

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