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Curr Microbiol. 2006 Nov;53(5):440-3. Epub 2006 Oct 3.

Plasmid-related resistance to cefoxitin in species of the Bacteroides fragilis group isolated from intestinal tracts of calves.

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Laboratório de Anaeróbios, Departamento de Microbiologia, Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.


Species of the Bacteroides fragilis group are considered the most common anaerobe in human and animal infections and also harbor plasmids conferring resistance to several antibiotics. In this study, resistance to cefoxitin, plasmid profile and beta-lactamase production in species of the B. fragilis group isolated from intestinal tracts of calves were evaluated. One hundred sixty-one B. fragilis group bacteria isolated from calves with and without diarrhea were analyzed. Cefoxitin susceptibility was performed using an agar dilution method, beta-lactamase production by using a nitrocefin method, and plasmid extraction by using a commercial kit. Minimal inhibitory concentration values for cefoxitin ranged from 32 to > 512 microg/ml, and 47 bacteria (29.2%) were resistant to cefoxitin (breakpoint 16 microl). Only seven isolates harbored plasmids varying from 6.0 to 5.0 kb, and a 5.5-kb plasmid in B. vulgatus Bd26e and B. fragilis Bc5j might be related to cefoxitin resistance. beta-lactamase was detected in 33 (70.2%) isolates. The cepA gene was observed in total DNA and in the 5.5-kb plasmid. The plasmid presence in organisms isolated from cattle may be important in ecologic terms, and it needs further study.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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