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Diabetologia. 2006 Nov;49(11):2642-8. Epub 2006 Sep 20.

Polymorphisms in the gene encoding sterol regulatory element-binding factor-1c are associated with type 2 diabetes.

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1
MRC Epidemiology Unit, Cambridge, UK.

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS:

The sterol regulatory element-binding factor (SREBF)-1c is a transcription factor involved in the regulation of lipid and glucose metabolism. We have previously found evidence that a common SREBF1c single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), located between exons 18c and 19c, is associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. The present study aimed to replicate our previously reported association in a larger case-control study and to examine an additional five SREBF1c SNPs for their association with diabetes risk and plasma glucose concentrations.

METHODS:

We genotyped six SREBF1c SNPs in two case-control studies (n=1,938) and in a large cohort study (n=1,721) and tested for association with type 2 diabetes and with plasma glucose concentrations (fasting and 120-min post-glucose load), respectively.

RESULTS:

In the case-control studies, carriers of the minor allele of the previously reported SNP (rs11868035) had a significantly increased diabetes risk (odds ratio [OR]=1.20 [95% CI 1.04-1.38], p=0.015). Also, three other SNPs (rs2236513, rs6502618 and rs1889018), located in the 5' region, were significantly associated with diabetes risk (OR > or =1.21, p< or =0.006). Furthermore, two SNPs (rs2236513 and rs1889018) in the 5' region were weakly (p<0.09) associated with plasma glucose concentrations in the cohort study. Rare homozygotes had increased (p< or =0.05) 120-min post-load glucose concentrations compared with carriers of the wild-type allele. Haplotype analyses showed significant (p=0.04) association with diabetes risk and confirmed the single SNP analyses.

CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION:

In summary, we replicated our previous finding and found evidence for SNPs in the 5' region of the SREBF1c gene to be associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes and plasma glucose concentration.

PMID:
17019602
PMCID:
PMC2668914
DOI:
10.1007/s00125-006-0430-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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