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Am J Public Health. 2007 Mar;97(3):470-7. Epub 2006 Oct 3.

Transmission network analysis to complement routine tuberculosis contact investigations.

Author information

1
Division of Tuberculosis Elimination, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Ga 30333, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We examined the feasibility and value of network analysis to complement routine tuberculosis (TB) contact investigation procedures during an outbreak.

METHODS:

We reviewed hospital, health department, and jail records and interviewed TB patients. Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates were genotyped. We evaluated contacts of TB patients for latent TB infection (LTBI) and TB, and analyzed routine contact investigation data, including tuberculin skin test (TST) results. Outcomes included number of contacts identified, number of contacts evaluated, and their TST status. We used network analysis visualizations and metrics (reach, degree, betweenness) to characterize the outbreak.

RESULTS:

secondary TB patients and more than 1200 contacts. Genotyping detected a 21-band pattern of a strain W variant. No HIV-infected patients were diagnosed. Contacts prioritized by network analysis were more likely to have LTBI than nonprioritized contacts (odds ratio=7.8; 95% confidence interval=1.6, 36.6). Network visualizations and metrics highlighted patients central to sustaining the outbreak and helped prioritize contacts for evaluation.

CONCLUSIONS:

A network-informed approach to TB contact investigations provided a novel means to examine large quantities of data and helped focus TB control.

PMID:
17018825
PMCID:
PMC1805030
DOI:
10.2105/AJPH.2005.071936
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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