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J Pain. 2006 Oct;7(10):735-46.

Design and characterization of a noncompetitive antagonist of the transient receptor potential vanilloid subunit 1 channel with in vivo analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity.

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1
Instituto de Biología Molecular y Celular, Universidad Miguel Hernández, Alicante, Spain.

Abstract

Vanilloid receptor subunit 1 (TRPV1) is an integrator of physical and chemical stimuli in the peripheral nervous system. This receptor plays a key role in the pathophysiology of inflammatory pain. Thus, the identification of receptor antagonists with analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity in vivo is an important goal of current neuropharmacology. Here, we report that [L-arginyl]-[N-[2,4-dichlorophenethyl]glycyl]-N-(2,4-dichlorophenethyl) glycinamide (H-Arg-15-15C) is a channel blocker that abrogates capsaicin and pH-evoked TRPV1 channel activity with submicromolar activity. Compound H-Arg-15-15C preferentially inhibits TRPV1, showing marginal block of other neuronal receptors. Compound H-Arg-15-15C acts as a noncompetitive capsaicin antagonist with modest voltage-dependent blockade activity. The compound inhibited capsaicin-evoked nerve activity in afferent fibers without affecting mechanically activated activity. Notably, administration of compound H-Arg-15-15C prevented the irritant activity of a local administration of capsaicin and formalin and reversed the thermal hyperalgesia evoked by injection of complete Freund's adjuvant. Furthermore, it attenuated carrageenan-induced paw inflammation. Compound H-Arg-15-15C specifically decreased inflammatory conditions without affecting normal nociception. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that compound H-Arg-15-15C is a channel blocker of TRPV1 with analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity in vivo at clinically useful doses and substantiate the tenet that TRPV1 plays an important role in the etiology of chronic inflammatory pain.

PERSPECTIVE:

This study reports the design of a potent TRPV1 noncompetitive antagonist that exhibits anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity in preclinical models of acute and chronic pain. This compound is a lead for analgesic drug development.

PMID:
17018334
DOI:
10.1016/j.jpain.2006.03.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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