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Diabetologia. 2006 Nov;49(11):2659-67. Epub 2006 Sep 20.

Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase p85alpha regulatory subunit gene PIK3R1 haplotype is associated with body fat and serum leptin in a female twin population.

Author information

1
Department of Clinical Developmental Sciences, St George's, University of London, London, UK.

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS:

Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) couples the leptin and insulin signalling pathways via the insulin receptor substrates IRS1 and IRS2. Hence, defective activation of PI3K could be a novel mechanism of peripheral leptin or insulin resistance. We investigated associations of tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (tSNPs) in the PI3K p85alpha regulatory subunit gene PIK3R1 with anthropometry, leptin, body fat and insulin sensitivity in a female twin population of European extraction.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Eight tSNPs were genotyped in 2,778 women (mean age 47.4+/-12.5 years) from the St Thomas' UK Adult Twin Registry (Twins UK).

RESULTS:

SNP rs1550805 was associated with serum leptin (p=0.028), BMI (p=0.025), weight (p=0.019), total fat (p=0.004), total fat percentage (p=0.002), waist circumference (p=0.025), central fat (p=0.005) and central fat percentage (p=0.005). SNPs rs7713645 and rs7709243 were associated with BMI (p=0.020 and p=0.029, respectively), rs7709243 with weight, total and central fat (p=0.026, p=0.031 and p=0.023, respectively) and both SNPs with fasting glucose (p=0.003 and p=0.001, respectively) and glucose 2-h post OGTT (p=0.023 and p=0.007, respectively). Subjects with haplotype 222 (frequency 7.2%) showed higher serum leptin concentration (p=0.007) and body fat measures (p< or =0.001 for all), and those with haplotype 221 (frequency 38.7%) showed higher fasting and 2-h glucose (p=0.035 and p=0.021, respectively) compared with subjects with the most common haplotype, 111 (frequency 45.5%).

CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION:

Association of the PIK3R1 SNP rs1550805 with serum leptin and body fat may reflect a diminished ability of PI3K to signal via IRS1 or IRS2 in response to leptin.

PMID:
17016694
PMCID:
PMC1626353
DOI:
10.1007/s00125-006-0388-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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