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Plast Reconstr Surg. 2006 Oct;118(5):1251-63.

Neck rejuvenation revisited.

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University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas 75390-9132, USA.



Restoration of the aesthetic neck contour is an integral component of facial rejuvenation. Multiple deformities of the neck and chin complex can make treatment of the cervical region daunting. An algorithmic approach to neck rejuvenation based on individual anatomic and clinical analysis is prudent. The authors created a simplified anatomic approach to the most common cervical deformities encountered in the patient seeking facial rejuvenation.


Retrospective analysis of the senior author's (R.J.R.) technique evolution over the last 15 years was performed. The operative techniques used in neck rejuvenation were evaluated and the long-term postoperative results were reviewed.


Recurrent patterns of cervical deformity are present in patients presenting for facial rejuvenation. These patterns can be classified into categories based on specific anatomic deformities.


Facial rejuvenation requires appropriate identification of deformity to effect the desired changes. Cervical deformities are classified into clinically useful categories based on careful preoperative analysis. A thorough understanding of the anatomic bases for the deformities allows the surgeon to choose the appropriate treatments to achieve consistent and reliable results.

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