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Free Radic Res. 2006 Sep;40(9):936-43.

Selenoprotein P protects endothelial cells from oxidative damage by stimulation of glutathione peroxidase expression and activity.

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Institute for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology I, Heinrich-Heine-University, Universitaetsstrasse 1, 40225, Duesseldorf, Germany.


A major fraction of the essential trace element selenium circulating in human blood plasma is present as selenoprotein P (SeP). As SeP associates with endothelial membranes, the participation of SeP in selenium-mediated protection against oxidative damage was investigated, using the human endothelial cell line Ea.hy926 as a model system. Hepatocyte-derived SeP prevented tert-butylhydroperoxide (t-BHP)-induced oxidative cell death of Ea.hy926 cells in a similar manner as did sodium selenite, counteracting a t-BHP-induced loss of cellular membrane integrity. Protection was detected after at least 10 h of SeP supplementation and it peaked at 24 h. SeP time-dependently stimulated the expression of cytosolic glutathione peroxidase (cGPx) and increased the enzymatic activities of glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and thioredoxin reductase (TR). The cGPx inhibitor mercaptosuccinate as well as the gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase inhibitor buthionine sulfoximine counteracted the SeP-mediated protection, while the TR inhibitors cisplatin and auranofin had no effect. The presented data suggest that selenium supplementation by SeP prevents oxidative damage of human endothelial cells by restoring expression and enzymatic activity of GPx.

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