Send to

Choose Destination
Neurochem Int. 2007 Jan;50(1):211-8. Epub 2006 Oct 2.

Norepinephrine acts as D1-dopaminergic agonist in the embryonic avian retina: late expression of beta1-adrenergic receptor shifts norepinephrine specificity in the adult tissue.

Author information

Lab. Neurochemistry, Program in Neurobiology IBCCF, UFRJ, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.


Dopamine is the main catecholamine found in the chick retina whereas norepinephrine is only found in trace amounts. We compared the effectiveness of dopamine and norepinephrine in promoting cyclic AMP accumulation in retinas at embryonic day 13 (E13) and from post-hatched chicken (P15). Dopamine (EC(50)=10microM) and norepinephrine (EC(50)=30microM), but not the beta(1)-adrenergic agonist isoproterenol, stimulated over seven-fold the production of cyclic AMP in E13 retina. The cyclic AMP accumulation induced by both catecholamines in embryonic tissue was entirely blocked by 2microM SCH23390, a D(1) receptor antagonist, but not by alprenolol (beta-adrenoceptor antagonist). In P15 retinas, 100microM isoproterenol stimulated five-fold the accumulation of cAMP. This effect was blocked by propanolol (10microM), but not by 2microM SCH23390. Embryonic and adult retina display beta(1) adrenergic receptor mRNA as detected by RT-PCR, but the beta(1) adrenergic receptor protein was detected only in post-hatched tissue. We conclude that norepinephrine cross-reacts with D(1) dopaminergic receptor with affinity similar to that of dopamine in the embryonic retina. In the mature retina, however, D(1) receptors become restricted to activation by dopamine. Moreover, as opposed to the embryonic tissue, norepinephrine seems to stimulate cAMP accumulation via beta(1)-like adrenergic receptors in the mature tissue.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center